Christianity is a monotheistic religion
centered on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as
presented in the New Testament.
The first Christians were Jewish Christians.
Through missionary work and colonization, Christianity spread firstly in the
Middle East, North Africa, Europe and parts of India and subsequently
throughout the entire world.
Christians believe that, as the Messiah, Jesus
was anointed by God as ruler and savior of humanity, and hold that Jesus'
coming was the fulfillment of messianic prophecies of the Old Testament.
The Trinity is often regarded as an essential
doctrine of mainstream Christianity. The common understanding of the Holy
Trinity, espoused in the Nicene Creed, is one God who exists in three
Persons Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit who are coequal,
co-eternal, of the same substance.
Christians generally believe in the immortality
of the soul. Forgiveness of sins is one of the key marks of Christianity.
Jesus Christ also known as Jesus of Nazareth,
is the central figure of Christianity. Jesus is revered by Christians as the
incarnation of God. Muslims
consider him a prophet, and several other religions also consider him an
profess that Jesus is the Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament, who,
through his life, death, and resurrection, restored humanity's communion
with God in the blood of the New Covenant.
His death on a cross is
understood as the redemptive sacrifice: the source of humanity's salvation
and the atonement for sin which had entered human history through the sin of
The Bible's four canonical gospels are the main
sources for the traditional Christian biography of Jesus' life. According to
Matthew and Luke, Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea to Mary, a virgin, by
a miracle of the Holy Spirit. Jesus' childhood home is identified as the
town of Nazareth in Galilee. The Gospels state that Jesus, as Messiah, came
to "give his life as a ransom for many" and "preach the good news of the
Kingdom of God." Over the course of his ministry, Jesus is said to have
performed various miracles, including healings, exorcisms, walking on water,
turning water into wine, and raising several people, such as Lazarus, from
the dead. At the height of his ministry, Jesus attracted huge crowds
numbering in the thousands.
In Jerusalem, high priests and elders condemned
Jesus for blasphemy. Jesus was crucified Golgotha. According to the Gospels,
Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion. Christians
consider the resurrection of Jesus to be the cornerstone of their faith and
the most important event in human history.
to come again to fulfill the remainder of Messianic prophecy.
The motivating force behind the Christian life
is love. Love is the foundation for all
Jesus' teachings are largely a description of
what love means:
Love is patient; love is kind; love is not
envious or boastful or arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way;
it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice in wrongdoing, but
rejoices in the truth. It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all
things, endures all things.
Jesus summarized the law as love for God and
for our neighbor. Thus much of Christian practice is focused on finding ways
to show love for our fellows.
Christianity is characterized by helping
people. This ranges from the personal to the institutional. At the personal
level, Christians should help others. At the institutional level, Christians
have been active in creating hospitals, schools, and other institutions to
Jesus on Love
You must love the Lord your God with all your
heart, all your soul, and all your mind. This is the first and greatest
commandment. A second is equally important: Love your neighbor as
yourself. The entire law and all the demands of the prophets are based on
these two commandments...
The Moral Law
The moral law is often summarized in the "Ten
Commandments", which the Bible says were given by God to Moses.
Afterlife and Eschaton
Most Christians believe that upon bodily death
the soul experiences the particular judgment and is either rewarded with
eternal heaven or condemned to an eternal hell. The elect are called
"saints" and the process of being made holy is called sanctification. At the
second coming of Christ at the end of time, all who have died will be
resurrected bodily from the dead for the Last Judgment, whereupon Jesus will
fully establish the Kingdom of God in fulfillment of scriptural prophecies.
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